Improving the quantity and quality of education remains an important goal for many countries including Ghana. This is in line with the country’s subscription to the MDGs and also its own local constitutional requirement.
Improving the quantity and quality of education requires that policy addresses both demand and supply side constraints of education. The provision of more textbooks, classroom blocks, and trained teachers tends to ease supply side constraints to education.
On the other hand policies such as the Capitation Grant and School Feeding Program seek to ease the demand-side constraints to education. For instance, in the Ghana Education Service’s (GES) guidelines for the distribution and utilization of Capitation Grants, it is argued that one of the reasons why children in Ghana do not attend school is that their parents cannot afford to pay the levies charged by the schools.
It is in line with this that the Government of Ghana set up the capitation grant which commenced in the 2005/2006 academic year. Under the scheme, every public primary school receives an amount of money for each pupil enrolled per year.
Understanding how such a policy contributes to the achievement of the MDGs, and more, is non trivial. This is particularly true as the Capitation Grant can be expected to positively affect the quantity of education that is effectively provided.
This study examines the extent to which the Capitation Grant in Ghana impacts the performance of schools in the national assessment examinations.
Countries worldwide are making good and encouraging progress towards reducing the number of out of school children. Specifically, Sub Saharan Africa has witnessed an unprecedented 25% increase in enrollment between the academic years 1998/99 and 2002/03.
Countries in Sub Saharan Africa have been exploring ways of improving their educational systems in order to achieve their commitment to education for all. Two main systems that certain governments are using to achieve this aim are the abolition of school fees and the School Feeding Program.
Results of the study show the following;
the capitation grant has not had any significant impact on the BECE pass rates in Ghana
since 2005, when the capitation grant started in Ghana, the grant has been increasing
over the study period, there was an increase in the Gross Enrollment Ratio at both the primary and JHS levels